Biology of arachnids

 

In our projects we study different aspects of the biology of model arachnid groups (mites, spiders, scorpions, pseudosdoscorpions, harvestmen, palpigrads) combining different methodological approaches (e.g. histology, cytogenetics, molecular phylogeny, SEM, ethology).

Principal investigators
Prof. RNDr. Jaroslav Smrž, CSc.
RNDr. František Šťáhlavský Ph.D.
RNDr. Lenka Kubcová Ph.D.

Ph.D. students
Mgr. Petra Režňáková
Mgr. et Mgr. Hana Svojanovská

Mgr. Pavel Just
Mgr. Jana Plíšková

Undergraduates
Argam Alaverdyan
Matyáš Hiřman
Barbora Jourová
Roman Říha
Alena Šilhavá

External collaborators
Mgr. Petr Dolejš Ph.D.
František Kovařík

 

Publications:

2016

Erban T., Klimov P.B., Smrž J., Phillips T.W., Nesvorná M., Kopecký J. & Hubert J. (2016) Populations of Stored Product MiteTyrophagus putrescentiae Differ in Their Bacterial Communities. Front. Microbiol. 12: 1–19.

Kotrbová J., Opatova V., Gardini G. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Karyotype diversity of pseudoscorpions of the genus Chthonius (Pseudoscorpiones, Chthoniidae) in the Alps. Comparative Cytogenetics 10: 325−345.

Kovařík F., Lowe G. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Review of Northwestern African Buthacus, with description of Buthacus stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and Western Sahara (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Euscorpius 236: 1-18.

Kovařík F., Lowe G. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016). Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part IX. Lanzatus, Orthochirus, and Somalicharmus (Buthidae), with description of Lanzatus somalilandus sp. n. and Orthochirus afar sp. n. Euscorpius 232: 1−38.

Kovařík F., Lowe G., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part VII. Parabuthus Pocock, 1890 (Buthidae), with Description of P. hamar sp. n. and P. kajibu sp. n. from Ethiopia. Euscorpius 228: 158.

Kovařík F., Lowe G., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part VI. Compsobuthus Vachon, 1949 (Buthidae), with a description of C. eritreaensis sp. n. Euscorpius 226: 121.

Kovařík F., Lowe G., Hoferek D., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Scorpions of Ethiopia. Part IV. Genus Uroplectes Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius 217: 1−14.

Kovařík F., Lowe G., Ranawana K.B., Hoferek D., Jayarathne V.A.S., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Scorpions of Sri Lanka (Arachnida, Scorpiones: Buthidae, Chaerilidae, Scorpionidae) with Description of Four New Species of the Genera Charmus Karsch, 1879 and Reddyanus Vachon, 1972, stat. n. Euscorpius 220: 1−130.

Plíšková J., Kovařík F., Košulič O. & Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Description of a new species of Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) from Thailand with remarks about the utilization of cytogenetic data in taxonomy of the genus. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 66: 467−476.

Smrž J., Soukalová H., Čatská V. & Hubert J. (2016) Feeding Patterns of Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Sarcoptiformes: Acaridae) Indicate that Mycophagy Is Not a Single and Homogeneous Category of Nutritional Biology. J.Ins.Sci. 94: 1–8.

Svojanovská H., Nguyen P., Hiřman M., Tuf I.H., Wahab R.A., Haddad C.R., Šťáhlavský F. (2016) Karyotype evolution in harvestmen of the suborder Cyphophthalmi (Opiliones). Cytogenetic and Genome Research 148: 227−236.

 

2015

Kovařík F., Košulič O., Šťáhlavský F., Plíšková J., Dongkhamfu W. &  Wongprom P. (2015) Two New Species of Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 from Thailand and Myanmar (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 65: 109-122.

Kovařík F., Lowe G., Seiter M., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2015) Scorpions of Ethiopia (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part II. Genus Babycurus Karsch, 1886 (Buthidae), with description of two new species Euscorpius 196: 1−31.

Kovařík F., Soleglad M.E., Lowe G., Plíšková J. & Šťáhlavský F. (2015) Observations on Growth and Maturation of a Male Alloscorpiops wongpromi (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae: Scorpiopini). Euscorpius 205: 1−17.

Sadílek D., Nguyen P., Koç H., Kovařík F., Yağmur E. A. & Šťáhlavský F. (2015) Molecular cytogenetics of Androctonus scorpions: an oasis of calm in the turbulent karyotype evolution of the diverse family Buthidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 115: 69-75.

Smrž J., Kováč L., Mikeš J., Šustr V., Lukešová A,. Tajovský K., Nováková A., Režňáková P. 2015. Food sources of selected terrestrial cave arthropods. Subterranean Biology 16: 37–46.

Smrž J., Kučera T., Vašků Z. 2015. Food Offer Inside Agroecosystem Soils as an Ecological Factor for Settling Microhabitats by Soil Saprophagous Mites. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63(5): 1565–1574.

 

2014

Dolejš P., Buchar J., Kubcová L. & Smrž J. (2014) Developmental changes in the spinning apparatus over the life cycle of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) Invertebr. Biol.133: 281-297.

Hubert J., Nesvorná M., Palevsky E. & Smrž J. (2014) Diseases of prey mites used for mass rearing predatory mites. Acta Hort. 1041: 177-185.

Christophoryová J., Šťáhlavský F. & Krajčovičová K. (2014) Šťúriky (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones) pohoria Burda (NPR Kováčovske kopce). Folia faunistica Slovaca 19: 161-167.

Šťáhlavský F., Koç H. & Yağmur E. A. (2014) The first record of karyotypes in Leiurus abdullahbayrami and Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Turkey. North-Western Journal of Zoology 10: 355-358.

 

2013

Bozanic B., Hradilek Z., Machac O. Pizl V., Stahlavsky F., Tufova J. Vele A. & Tuf I.H. (2013) Factors Affecting Invertebrate Assemblages in Bryophytes of the Litovelske Luhy National Nature Reserve, Czech Republic. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 65: 197-206.

Buchar J. 2013: Slíďáci a česká arachnologie I (Wolf spiders and Czech arachnology I). Živa 61 (4): 184–188 (in Czech, English summary).

Kovařík, F., G. Lowe, J. Plíšková & F. Šťáhlavský (2013) A new scorpion genus, Gint gen.n., from the Horn of Africa (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius 173: 1−19. 

Kovařík, F., J. Plíšková & F. Šťáhlavský (2013) Euscorpiops neradi sp. n. from Thailand (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Euscorpius 158: 1−8.

Smrž J. (2013) Methods of studying the feeding habits of saprophagous mites living in soil. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 77: 129-143.

Smrž J., Kováč Ľ., Mikeš J., Lukešová A. (2013) Microwhip Scorpions (Palpigradi) Feed on Heterotrophic Cyanobacteria in Slovak Caves – A Curiosity among Arachnida. Plos One 8: 1–5.

Šťáhlavský F. & Chytil J. (2013) Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) Biosférické rezervace Dolní Morava a okolí (Česká republika). Klapalekiana 49: 73-88.

Šťáhlavský F., Christophoryová J. & Henderickx H. (2013) A karyological study of four European species of Roncus (Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae). European Journal of Entomology 110: 393-399.

 

2012

Dolejš P., Kubcová L. & Buchar J. (2012) Reproduction of Arctosa alpigena lamperti (Araneae: Lycosidae) – where, when, how, and how long? Invertebrate Reproduction & Development 56(1): 72–78.

Christophoryová J., Šťáhlavský F., Krumpál M. & Fedor P. (2012) Pseudoscorpions of the Czech Republic and Slovakia: An annotated and revised checklist (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). North-Western Journal of Zoology 8: 1-21.

Šťáhlavský F., Boyer S.L., Harvey M.S. & Giribet G. (2012) First cytogenetic study of a member of the harvestman family Pettalidae (Opiliones: Cyphophthalmi). Australian Journal of Entomology 51: 299-302.

Šťáhlavský F., Král J., Harvey M.S. & Haddadd C.R. (2012) The first cytogenetic characterisation of atemnids: pseudoscorpions with the highest chromosome numbers (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Cytogenetic and Genome Research 137: 22-30.

 

2011

Buchar J. & Dolanský J. (2011) New records of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the Mediterranean. Klapalekiana 47: 5–11.

Buchar J. & Hajer J. (2011) Pavouci NPR Božídarské rašeliniště a hodnocení přírodních poměrů Krušných hor 1. Živa 59(97) (5): 239–242.

Buchar J. & Hajer J. (2011) Pavouci NPR Božídarské rašeliniště a hodnocení přírodních poměrů Krušných hor 2. Živa 59(97) (6): 281–284.

Christophoryová J., Šťáhlavský F. & Fedor P. (2011) An updated identification key to the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Zootaxa 2876: 35-48.

Dolejš P., Kořínková T., Musilová J., Opatová V., Kubcová L., Buchar J. & J. Král (2011) Karyotypes of Central European members of the genera Arctosa, Tricca and Xerolycosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). European Journal of Entomology, 108(1): 1–16.

Kůrka A. & Buchar J. (2011) Pavouci (Araneae) údolí Jizery v okolí Semil. Spiders (Araneae) of the Jizera valley near Semily. Sborník Severočeského Muzea – Přírodní Vědy 29: 107–135.

 

2010

Dolejš P., Kubcová L. & J. Buchar (2010) Courtship, mating and cocoon maintenance of Tricca lutetiana (Araneae, Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology, 38(3): 504–510.

Harvey M.S. & Šťáhlavský F. (2010): A review of the pseudoscorpion genus Oreolpium (Pseudoscorpiones: Garypinidae), with remarks on the composition of the Garypinidae and on pseudoscorpions with bipolar distributions. Journal of Arachnology 38(2): 294-308.

Kůrka A., Buchar J., Kubcová L. & Řezáč M. 2010: Pavouci (Araneae) chráněné krajinné oblasti Český kras. Spiders (Araneae) of the Bohemian Karst Protected Landscape Area (Czech Republic). Bohemia centralis 30: 5–100.

Smrž J. & Čatská V. (2010) Mycophagous mites and their internal associated bacteria cooperate to digest chitin in soil. Symbiosis 52, 33-40.

Smrž J. (2010) Enzyme activities and internal bacteria of saprophagous soil mites (Acari: Oribatida, Acaridida). In: Sabelis, M.W. & Bruin, J. (eds.). Trends in Acarology. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 217-219.

Smrž J. (2010) Nutritional biology of oribatid mites from different microhabitats in the forest. In: Sabelis, M.W. & Bruin, J. (eds.). Trends in Acarology. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 213-216.

 

2009

Buchar J. 2009: Distribution patterns of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) along a transect from Greece to the Czech Republic. Contributions to Natural History, 12: 315–340.

Kovařík F., Šťáhlavský F., Kořínková T. & Král J. (2009) Tityus ythieri Lourenço, 2007 is a synonym of Tityus magnimanus Pocock, 1897 (Scorpiones: Buthidae): a combined approach using morphology, hybridization experiments, chromosomes, and mitochondrial DNA. Euscorpius No. 77: 1–12.

Symonová  R. & Smrž J. (2009) First Record of Hemocytes and Oenocytes in Freshwater Ostracodes. J. Crust. Biol. 29(1):18-25.

Šťáhlavský F. & Tuf I.H. (2009) Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) CHKO Litovelské Pomoraví. Acta rerum naturalium 7: 97-102.

Šťáhlavský F., Zeh J.A., Zeh D.W. & Král J. (2009) Karyotypes of the Neotropical pseudoscorpions Semeiochernes armiger and Cordylochernes scorpioides (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae). Journal of Arachnology 37(3): 287-291.

 

2008

Buchar J. & P. Merrett (2008) Konrad Thaler, 1940–2005. Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. 14(4): 211–212.

Dolejš P., Kubcová L. & J. Buchar (2008) Subterrestrial life of Arctosa lutetiana (Araneae, Lycosidae). The Journal of Arachnology, 36(1): 202 – 203.

Král J., Kováč L., Šťáhlavský F., Lonský P. & Ľuptáčik P. (2008) The first karyotype study in palpigrades, a primitive order of arachnids (Arachnida: Palpigradi). Genetica 134: 79-87. PDF

Růžička V. & Buchar J. (2008) Dodatek ke katalogu pavouků České republiky 2001-2007. Supplement to the Catalogue of Spiders of the Czech Republic 2001-2007. Sborník Oblastního muzea v Mostě, řada přírodovědná 29/30 [2007/2008]: 332 (in English and Czech).

Smrž J. & Soukalová H. (2008) Mycophagous mites (Acari: Oribatida and Acaridida) and their  cooperation with chitinolytic bacteria. In: Bertrand M. Kreiter, S. McCoy, K.D. Migeon A.,Navajas M., Tixier M.-S. Vial L. (eds): Integrative acarology. EURAAC. pp.359-362.

Zaragoza J.A. & Šťáhlavský F. (2008) A new Roncus species (Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae) from Montseny Natural Park (Catalonia, Spain), with remarks on karyology. Zootaxa 1693: 27-40. PDF

 

2007

Buchar J. (2007) In Erinnerung an meinen Freund Konrad Thaler, den unvergeßlichen Tiroler Arachnologen. Gredleriana 7: 395398.

Ducháč V., Mlejnek R. & Šťáhlavský F. (2007) Chthonius (Chthonius) heterodactylus (Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae), eine neue Art für die Tschechische Republik. - Arachnologische Mitteilungen 33: 31-33.

Kůrka A., Buchar J. & Řezáč M. (2007) Pavouci (Araneae) Prahy. Spiders (Araneae) of Prague city (Czech Republic). Natura Pragensis 18: 5–126.

Petrov B.P. & Šťáhlavský F. (2007) New species of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) for the fauna of Bulgaria. Historia Naturalis Bulgarica 18: 15-27.

Smrž J. (2007) "Nymphes plissées" structure of the cuticle of juveniles of some oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida). Eur.J.Entomol. 104:619-629.

Smrž J. (2007) Nutritional biology in the oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) communities in the different, closely neighbouring microhabitats in the steppe biotope - preliminary report.  In: Tajovský, K., Schlaghamerský J. & Pizl V. (eds.). Contributions to Soil Zoology in Central Europe II.. ISB BC AS CR, v.v.i., České Budějovice. pp.153-160.

Šťáhlavský F. & Krásný L. (2007) Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) Dolního Povltaví a Podřipska. [Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of the lower part of Vltava river and the Říp Mt. area] Bohemia Centralis 28: 418-428. In Czech with English summary.

 

2006

Buchar J., Knoflach B. & Thaler K. (2006) On the identity of Arctosa variana C. L. Koch and Arctosa similis Schenkel, with notes on related species (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. 13: 329–336.

Harvey M.S., Šťáhlavský F. & Theron P. (2006) The distribution of Eukoenenia mirabilis (Palpigradi: Eukoeneniidae): a widespread tramp. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23: 199-203.

Král J., Musilová J., Šťáhlavský F., Řezáč M., Akan Z.,  Edwards R., Coyle F.A. & Ribera C.A. (2006)  Evolution of the karyotype and sex chromosome systems in basal clades of araneomorph spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Chromosome Research 14: 859-880.

Kůrka A., Buchar J., Kubcová L. & Bryja V. (2006) Pavouci (Araneae) CHKO Kokořínsko. [Spiders (Araneae) of the Kokořínsko Protected Landscape Area]. Bohemia centralis (Praha) 27: 91–135.

Smrž J. (2006) Microhabitat selection in the simple oribatid community dwelling in epilithic moss cover (Acari: Oribatida).  Naturwisseschaften 93: 570-576.

Smrž J. (2006) Types of haemocytes in saprophagous soil mites (Acari: Oribatida, Acaridida) and correlation between their presence and certain processes within mites. Eur.J.Entomol. 103: 679-686.

Šťáhlavský F. (2006) Štírci (Pseudoscorpiones, Arachnida) CHKO Kokořínsko. [Pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpiones, Arachnida) of the Kokořínsko Protected Landscape Area] Bohemia Centralis 27: 161-165. In Czech with English abstract.

Šťáhlavský F. (2006) Štírci Národního parku Podyjí. [Pseudoscorpions of the Podyjí National Park]. Klapalekiana 42: 167-178. In Czech with English summary.

Šťáhlavský F., Král J., Harvey M.S. & Haddad C.R. (2006) A karyotype study on the pseudoscorpion families Geogarypidae, Garypinidae and Olpiidae (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). European Journal of Entomology 103(2): 277-289.

 

2005

Bryja V., SvatoŇ J., Chytil J., Majkus Z., Růžička V., Kasal P., Dolanský J., Buchar J., Chvátalová I., ŘezáČ M., Kubcová L., Erhart J. & Fenclová I. 2005: Spiders (Araneae) of the Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve and closely adjacent localities (Czech Republic). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 90: 13–184.

Buchar J. & Hajer J. (2005) Arachnofauna národní přírodní rezervace Novodomské rašeliniště (Boh. bor. occ.). Spiders of the natural reserve Novodomské rašeliniště (Boh. bor. occ.). Sborník Oblastního muzea v Mostě, řada přírodovědná 27: 3–9 (in Czech, English summary).

Kubcová L. & Buchar J. (2005) Biologische Beobachtungen an Spinnen der Waldsteppe. Linzer biol. Beitr. 37: 1 325–1 352.

Smrž J. (2005) Predátor na každém kroku. Scientia Praha. 87 str.

Smrž J. (2005) Structure  of  the cuticle  of   some  ptyctimine  oribatids  (Acari: Oribatida). Eur. J. Entomol. 102(1): 89–95.

Smrž J. (2005) Two dwellers of one habitat – two srategies for the different microhabitats. In: Tasovský,K., Schlaghamerský, J. Pizl, V. (eds). Soil zoology in Central Europe. Pp.149-153.

 Šťáhlavský F. & Ducháč V. (2005) Pseudoscorpiones (štírci), 83-84pp. In: Farkač, Král D. & Škorpík M. (eds) 2005: Červený seznam ohrožených druhů České republiky. Bezobratlí. [Red list of threated species in the Czech Republic. Invertebrates]. AOPK ČR, SOP ČR, Praha, 760 pp.

Šťáhlavský F., Henderickx H. & Král J. (2005) Karyotype study on pseudoscorpions of the genus Lasiochernes Beier (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae). Folia Biologica-Krakow 53: 69-74.

 

2004

Buchar J. & Thaler K. (2004) Ein Artproblem bei Wolfspinnen: Zur Differenzierung und vikarianten Verbreitung von Alopecosa striatipes (C.L.Koch) und A. mariae (Dahl)(Araneae, Lycosidae). In Thaler K. (ed.), Diversität und Biologie von Webspinnen, Skorpionen und anderen Spinnentieren. Denisia 12: 271-280.

Smrž J. & Norton R.A. (2004) Food selection and internal processing in Archegozetes longisetosus (Acari: Oribatida). Pedobiologia 48: 11-120.

 Šťáhlavský F. & Král J. (2004) Karyotype analysis and achiasmatic meiosis in pseudo-scorpions of the family Chthoniidae (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Hereditas, 140: 49-60.