Prof. RNDr. Karol Marhold, DrSc.

Professor at the Department of Botany, Charles University, Prague

Senior researcher at the Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Bratislava, Slovakia

Vice-President of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Secretary-General of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy

Full lists of publications can be found at:

ORCID, ResearchID, ResearchGate

Educational history

2009       Full Professorship, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

2001       Habilitation (Associate Professor), Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

1985–1992    Ph.D. Studies, Komenský University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

1978–1983    RNDr. (=MSc.) degree, Komenský University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Fellowships and visiting professorships

2011, 2012    Visiting Professorship, Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Japan

1997–1998    Humboldt Fellowship, University of Osnabrück, Germany; University of Vienna, Austria

1992–1993    Leverhulme Fellowship, University of Reading, Reading, England

1990–1991    SOROS/FCO Scholarship, Department of Plant Sciences & University College, University of Oxford, Oxford, England

PhD students – supervisor:

Patrik Mráz, 2003, Taxonomy of the Hieracium rohacsense group in the West Carpathians and Eastern Alps

Judita Zozomová-Lihová, 2003, Taxonomy of the Cardamine amara and Cardamine pratensis groups (Brassicaceae) in the Western and Central Mediterranean.

Marián Perný, 2004, Taxonomy of Cardamine raphanifolia and its relatives in the Mediterranean area

Marek Slovák, 2008, Taxonomy of Picris hieraciodes L. in central and south-western Europe

Jaromír Kučera, 2008, Taxonomy and evolution of selected groups of the genus Cardamine in the Mediterranean area

Stanislav Španiel, 2011, Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of the Alyssum montanum-A. repens complex (Brassicaceae)

Hana Daneck (née Dvořáková), 2012, Phylogeography of temperate plant species with the focus on Central Europe

Matúš Kempa, 2017, Biodiversity informatics applications in taxonomy and local floras

Marek Šlenker, 2019, Microevolution and origin of polyploids in the genus Cardamine (Brassicaceae)

Gabriela Šrámková (née Fuxová), 2022, Evolution of the genus Arabidopsis in its centre of diversity

PhD students – consultant:

Iva Hodálová, 1997, Taxonomic revision of the Senecio nemorensis agg. in the Carpathians

Roman Letz, 1998, Selected taxonomical problems of the genera Sempervivum and Jovibarba in Europe

Jana Leong-Škorničková, 2007, Taxonomic studies in Indian Curcuma L.

Jakub Hojka, Polyploidy-related patterns and processes in the evolution of Oxalis and Arabidopsis: unreduced gametes, polytopic origins and hybrid zones

Research projects at the Charles University

2019-2021, How hybridisation and allopolyploidisation affect the diversity in three Brassicaceae tribes. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2016-2018, Pathways and consequences of polyploidy and chromosomal variation in plant evolution – three cases from the model family Brassicaceae. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2014-2016, Evolution, diversification and biogeography of polyploid Zingiberaceae: synergy of phylogenomics, cytogenomics, geological and climate history. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2012-2015, Evolutionary patterns in polyploid complexes: congruent or discordant histories in three examples from the Brassicaceae family? Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2010–2013, Evolution of polyploidy in economically important tropical Zingiberaceous genus Curcuma: insight from the genome size and molecular data analysis. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2007–2010, Phylogeny of the genus Lasiocephalus (Asteraceae) – colonization history of the equatorial páramos. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2004–2006, Postglacial migrations from the Alps and Carpathians – Phylogeography of selected plant species. Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

2003–2005, Phylogeography of polyploid complexes in Europe (joint applicant, main applicant Petr Bureš, Masaryk Univerzity, Brno). Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, Prague

Selected recent publications

Mandáková, T., Zozomová-Lihová, J., Kudoh, H., Zhao, Y., Lysak, M.A. & Marhold., K., 2019: The story of promiscuous crucifers: origin and genome evolution of an invasive species Cardamine occulta (Brassicaceae) and its relatives. – Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 124: 209–220.

Melichárková, A., Španiel, S., Marhold, K., Hurdu, B.-J., Drescher, A. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2019: Diversification and independent polyploid origins in the disjunct species Alyssum repens from the Southeastern Alps and the Carpathians. – Amer. J. Bot. 106: 1499–1518.

Monnahan, P., Kolář, F., Baduel, P., Sailer, C., Koch, J., Horvath, R., Laenen, B., Schmickl, R., Paajanen, P., Šrámková, G., Bohutínská, M., Arnold, B., Weismann, C., Marhold, K., Slotte, T., Bomblies, K. & Yant, L., 2019: Pervasive population genomic consequences of genome duplication in Arabidopsis arenosa. – Nature Ecol. Evol. 3: 457–468.

Mosyakin, S.L., Al-Shehbaz, I.A., German, D., Marhold, K. & Španiel, S., 2019: (2671) Proposal to conserve the name Meniocus (Brassicaceae/Cruciferae) with a conserved type. – Taxon 68:166–168.

Španiel, S., Marhold, K. & Zozomová‐Lihová, J., 2019: Polyphyletic Alyssum cuneifolium (Brassicaceae) revisited: Morphological and genome size differentiation of recently recognized allopatric taxa. – J. Syst. Evol.

Šlenker, M., Zozomová-Lihová, J., Mandáková, T., Kudoh, H., Zhao, Y., Soejima, A., Yahara, T., Skokanová, K., Španiel, S. & Marhold, K., 2018: Morphology and genome size of the widespread weed Cardamine occulta: how it differs from cleistogamic C. kokaiensis and other closely related taxa in Europe and Asia. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 187: 456–482.

Šrámková, G., Kolář, F., Záveská, E., Lučanová, M., Španiel, S., Kolník, M. & Marhold, K., 2019: Phylogeography and taxonomic reassessment of Arabidopsis halleri – a montane species from Central Europe. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 305: 885–898.

Wos, G., Mořkovská, J., Bohutínská, M., Šrámková, G., Knotek, A., Lučanová, M., Španiel, S., Marhold, K. & Kolář, F., 2019: Role of ploidy in colonization of alpine habitats in natural populations of Arabidopsis arenosa. – Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 124: 255-268.

Turland, N. J., Wiersema, J. H., Barrie, F. R., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D. L., Herendeen, P. S., Knapp, S., Kusber, W.-H., Li, D.-Z., Marhold, K., May, T. W., McNeill, J., Monro, A. M., Prado, J., Price, M. J. & Smith, G. F. (eds.) 2018: International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Vegetabile 159. Glashütten: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Dušková, E., Sklenář, P., Kolář, F., Vásques, D. L. A., Romoleroux, K., Fér, T. & Marhold, K., 2017: Growth form evolution and hybridization in Senecio (Asteraceae) from the high equatorial Andes. – Ecology and Evolution 7: 6455–6468.

Güntsch, A., Hyam, R., Hagedorn, G., Chagnoux, S., Röpert, D., Casino, A., Droege, G., Glöckler, F., Gödderz, K., Groom, Q., Hoffmann, J., Holleman, A., Kempa, M., Koivula, H., Marhold, K., Nicolson, N., Smith, V. S. & Triebel, D., 2017: Actionable, long-term stable and semantic web compatible identifiers for access to biological collection objects. – Database 2017: bax003.

Melichárková, A., Španiel, S., Brišková, D., Marhold, K. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2017: Unravelling allopolyploid origins in the Alyssum montanum–A. repens species complex (Brassicaceae): A low-copy nuclear gene data complement plastid DNA sequences and AFLPs. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 184: 485–502.

Španiel, S., Zozomová-Lihová, J. & Marhold, K., 2017: Revised taxonomic treatment of the Alyssum montanum-A. repens complex in the Balkans: A multivariate morphometric analysis. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 303: 1413–1442.

Španiel, S., Marhold, K. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2017: The polyploid Alyssum montanum-A. repens complex in the Balkans: a hotspot of species and genetic diversity. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 303: 1443–1465.

Šrámková-Fuxová, G., Záveská, E., Kolář, F., Lučanová, M., Španiel, S. & Marhold, K., 2017: Range-wide genetic structure of Arabidopsis halleri (Brassicaceae): glacial persistence in multiple refugia and origin of the Northern Hemisphere disjunction. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 185: 321–342.

Arrigo, N., de La Harpe, M., Litsios, G., Zozomová-Lihová, J., Španiel, S., Marhold, K., Barker, M. S., Alvarez, N., 2016: Is hybridization driving the evolution of climatic niche in Alyssum montanum? – Amer. J. Bot. 103: 1348–1357.

Daneck, H., Fér, T. & Marhold, K., 2016: Glacial survival in northern refugia? Phylogeography of the temperate shrub Rosa pendulina L. (Rosaceae): AFLP vs. chloroplast DNA variation. – Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 119: 704–718.

German, D. A., Tekın, M., Španiel, S., Marhold, K. & Al-Shehbaz, I. A., 2016: A brief taxonomic revision of Physoptychis (Alysseae, Brassicaceae). – Phytotaxa 258: 75–82.

Kempa, M., Edmondson, J., Lack, H.W., Smatanová, J. & Marhold, K., 2016: František Nábělek’s Iter Turcico-Persicum 1909–1910 – database and digitized herbarium collection. – PhytoKeys 75: 69–79.

Kolář, F., Fuxová, G., Záveská, E., Nagano, A. J., Hyklová, L., Lučanová, M., Kudoh, H. & Marhold, K., 2016: Northern glacial refugia and altitudinal niche divergence shape genome-wide differentiation in the emerging plant model Arabidopsis arenosa. – Molec. Ecol. 25: 3929–3949.

Kolář, F., Lučanová, M., Záveská, E., Fuxová, G., Mandáková, T., Španiel, S., Senko, D., Svitok, M., Kolník, M., Gudžinskas, Z. & Marhold, K., 2016: Ecological segregation does not drive the intricate parapatric distribution of diploid and tetraploid cytotypes of the Arabidopsis arenosa group (Brassicaceae). – Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 119: 673–688. 

Marhold, K., Šlenker, M., Kudoh, H. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2016: Cardamine occulta, the correct species name for invasive Asian plants previously classified as C. flexuosa, and its occurrence in Europe. – PhytoKeys 62: 57–72.

Mereďa, P., Kučera, J., Marhold, K., Senko, D., Slovák, M., Svitok, M., Šingliarová, B. & Hodálová, I., 2016: Ecological niche differentiation between tetra- and octoploids of Jacobaea vulgaris. – Preslia 88: 113–136.

Novikova, P. Yu., Hohmann, N., Nizhynska, V., Tsuchimatsu, T., Ali, J., Muir, G., Guggisberg, A., Paape, T., Schmid, K., Fedorenko, O. M., Holm, S., Säll, T., Schlötterer, Ch., Marhold, K., Widmer, A., Sese, J., Shimizu, K. K., Weigel, D., Krämer, U., Koch, M. A. & Nordborg, M., 2016: Sequencing of the genus Arabidopsis identifies a complex history of nonbifurcating speciation and abundant trans-specific polymorphism. – Nature Genet. 48: 1077–1082.

Olšavská, K., Slovák, M., Marhold, K., Štubňová, E. & Kučera, J., 2016: On the origins of Balkan endemics: the complex evolutionary history of the Cyanus napulifer group (Asteraceae). – Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 118: 1071–1088.

Záveská, E., Fér, T., Šída, O., Marhold, K. & Leong-Škorničková, J., 2016: Hybridization among distantly related species: Examples from the polyploid genus Curcuma (Zingiberaceae). – Molec. Phylog. Evol. 100: 303–321.

Hodálová, I., Mereďa, P., Kučera, J., Marhold, K., Kempa, M., Olšavská, K. & Slovák, M., 2015: Origin and systematic position of Jacobaea vulgaris (Asteraceae) octoploids: genetic and morphological evidence.  – Pl. Syst. Evol. 301: 1517–1541.

Leong-Škorničková, J., Šída, O., Záveská, E. & Marhold, K., 2015: History of infrageneric classification, typification of supraspecific names and outstanding transfers in Curcuma (Zingiberaceae). – Taxon 64: 362-373.

Španiel, S., Kempa, M., Salmerón-Sánchez, E., Fuertes-Aguilar, J., Mota, J. F., Al-Shehbaz, I. A., German, D. A., Olšavská, K., Šingliarová, B., Zozomová-Lihová, J. & Marhold, K., 2015: AlyBase: database of names, chromosome numbers, and ploidy levels of Alysseae (Brassicaceae), with a new generic concept of the tribe. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 301: 2463–2491.

Vít, P., Šingliarová, B., Zozomová-Lihová, J., Marhold, K. & Krak, K., 2015: Microsatellite markers for the Pilosella alpicola group (Hieraciinae, Asteraceae) and their cross-amplification in other Hieraciinae genera. – Appl. Pl. Sci. 3(8): 1500048.

Zozomová-Lihová, J., Malánová-Krásná, I., Vít, P., Urfus, T., Senko D., Svitok, M., Kempa, M. & Marhold, K., 2015: Cytotype distribution patterns, ecological differentiation, and genetic structure in a diploid–tetraploid contact zone of Cardamine amara. – Amer. J. Bot. 102: 1380–1395.

Wiersema, J., McNeill, J., Turland, N. J., Barrie, F. R., Buck, W. R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D. L., Herendeen, P. S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud’homme van Reine, W. F. & Smith, G. F., H., 2015: International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code): adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Appendices II-VII – Königstein, Koeltz Scientific Books [Regnum Vegetabile 157: 1-492].

Hohmann, N., Schmickl, R., Chiang, T.-Y., Lučanová, M., Kolář, F., Marhold, K. & Koch, M.A., 2014: Taming the wild: resolving the gene pools of non-model Arabidopsis lineages. – BMC Evol. Biol. 14: 224.

Mandáková, T., Marhold, K. & Lysak, M. A., 2014: The widespread crucifer species Cardamine flexuosa is an allotetraploid with a conserved subgenomic structure. – New Phytol. 201: 982-992.

Zozomová-Lihová, J., Marhold, K. & Španiel, S., 2014: Taxonomy and evolutionary history of Alyssum montanum (Brassicaceae) and related taxa in southwestern Europe and Morocco: Diversification driven by polyploidy, geographic and ecological isolation. – Taxon 63: 562–591.

Mandáková, T., Kovařík, A., Zozomová-Lihová, J., Shimizu-Inatsugi, R., Shimizu, K. K., Mummenhoff, K., Marhold, K. & Lysak, M. A., 2013: The more the merrier: Recent hybridization and polyploidy in Cardamine. – Plant Cell 25: 3280-3295.

McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Buck, W. R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D. L., Herendeen, P. S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud’homme van Reine, W. F., Smith, G. F., Wiersema, J. H. & Turland, N. J., 2012: International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code): adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. – Königstein, Koeltz Scientific Books [Regnum Vegetabile 154: 1-208].

Záveská, E., Fér, T., Šída, O., Krak, K., Marhold, K. & Leong-Škorničková, J., 2012: Phylogeny of Curcuma (Zingiberaceae) based on plastid and nuclear sequences: Proposal of the new subgenus Ecomata. – Taxon 61: 747-763.

Schmickl, R., Paule, J., Klein J., Marhold, K., Koch M. A., 2012: The evolutionary history of the Arabidopsis arenosa complex: Diverse tetraploids mask the Western Carpathian center of species and genetic diversity. – PLoS One 7 (8): e42691.

Kaplan, Z. & Marhold, K., 2012: Multivariate morphometric analysis of the Potamogeton compressus group. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 170: 112-130.

Slovák, M., Kučera, J., Marhold, K. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2012: The morphological and genetic variation in the polymorphic species Picris hieracioides (Compositae, Lactuceae) in Europe strongly contrasts with traditional taxonomical concepts. – Syst. Bot. 37: 258-278.

Španiel, S., Marhold, K., Thiv, M. & Zozomová-Lihová, J., 2012: A new circumscription of Alyssum montanum ssp. montanum and A. montanum ssp. gmelinii (Brassicaceae) in Central Europe: molecular and morphological evidence. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 169: 378-402., P., Zimmermann, N. E., Englisch, T., Tribsch, A., Holderegger, R., Alvarez, N., Niklfeld, H., Coldea, G., Mirek, Z., Moilanen, A., Ahlmer, W., Marsan, P. A., Bona, E., Bovio, M., Choler, P., Cieslak, E., Colli, L., Cristea, V., Dalmas, J. P., Frajman, B., Garraud, L., Gaudeul, M., Gielly, L., Gutermann, W., Jogan, N., Kagalo, A. A., Korbecka, G., Kupfer, P., Lequette, B., Letz, D. R., Manel, S., Mansion, G., Marhold, K., Martini, F., Negrini, R., Nino, F., Paun, O., Pellecchia, M., Perico, G., Piekos-Mirkowa, H., Prosser, F., Puscas, M., Ronikier, M., Scheuerer, M., Schneeweiss, G. M., Schonswetter, P., Schratt-Ehrendorfer, L., Schupfer, F., Selvaggi, A., Steinmann, K., Thiel-Egenter, C., van Loo, M., Winkler, M., Wohlgemuth, T., Wraber, T. & Gugerli, F., 2012: Genetic diversity in widespread species is not congruent with species richness in alpine plant communities. – Ecol. Lett. 15: 1439-1448.